Pushkin Museum

related topics
{city, large, area}
{church, century, christian}
{son, year, death}
{work, book, publish}
{build, building, house}
{day, year, event}

The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts (Russian: Музей изобразительных искусств им. А.С. Пушкина) is the largest museum of European art in Moscow, located in Volkhonka street, just opposite the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour.

The museum's name is misleading, as it has nothing to do with the famous Russian poet. It was founded by professor Ivan Tsvetaev (father of the poet Marina Tsvetaeva). Tsvetaev persuaded the millionaire and philanthropist Yuriy Nechaev-Maltsov and the fashionable architect Roman Klein of the urgent need to give Moscow a fine arts museum.

Contents

Construction

The museum building was designed by Roman Klein and Vladimir Shukhov and financed primarily by Yury Nechaev-Maltsov. Construction work began in 1898 and continued till 1912. Ivan Rerberg headed structural engineering effort on the museum site for 12 years, till 1909.

Collection

Tsvetaev's dream was realised in May 1912, when the museum opened its doors to the public. The museum was originally named after Alexander III, although the government provided only 200,000 rubles toward its construction, in comparison with over 2 million from Nechaev-Maltsev. Its first exhibits were copies of ancient statuary, thought indispensable for the education of art students. The only genuinely ancient items - Moscow Mathematical Papyrus and Story of Wenamun - had been contributed by Vladimir Golenishchev three years earlier.

After the Russian capital was moved to Moscow in 1918, the Soviet government decided to transfer thousands of works from St Petersburg's Hermitage Museum to the new capital. The entire collection of Western art from the Museum Roumjantsev was added too. These paintings formed a nucleus of the Pushkin museum's collections of Western art. But the most important paintings were added later from the State Museum of New Western Art. These comprised Impressionist and Post-Impressionist artwork, including top works by Van Gogh, Gauguin, Picasso, Dufrénoy and Matisse. Among them Van Goghs "Le Vigne Rouge" appartently the only painting sold during the artist´s lifetime [1]. In 1937, Pushkin's name was appended to the museum, because the Soviet Union marked the centenary of the poet's death that year.

Full article ▸

related documents
Trapani
Carrickfergus
Valkenburg aan de Geul
Newhaven, Edinburgh
Martham
Orlyval
Mérida, Spain
Albertville
Kennington
Mirfield
Caledonian Railway (Brechin)
Cottbus
Lüneburg
Leerdam
Madras (disambiguation)
Akihabara
Whitkirk
Zuidhorn
Nankana Sahib
Rothwell, West Yorkshire
Leidschendam-Voorburg
Swaffham
Centre Georges Pompidou
Otaniemi
Guiseley
Donnybrook, Dublin
Bussum
South Bay, Los Angeles
Hervanta
Waterloo tube station