Putamen

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The putamen is a round structure located at the base of the forebrain (telencephalon). The putamen and caudate nucleus together form the dorsal striatum. It is also one of the structures that comprises the basal ganglia. Through various pathways, the putamen is connected to the substantia nigra and globus pallidus. The main function of the putamen is to regulate movements and influence various types of learning. It employs dopamine to perform its functions. The putamen also plays a role in degenerative neurological disorders, such as Parkinson's disease.

Contents

History

The word "putamen" is from Latin, referring to that which "falls off in pruning", from "puto", meaning "to prune". It is pronounced pyu-ta'men.

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