Pylos

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Pylos (Greek: Πύλος, historically known under its Italian name Navarino), is a large bay and a town on the west coast of the Peloponnese, in the district of Messenia in southern Greece. It is the capital of Pylia Province. Nearby villages include Gialova, Elaiofyto, Schinolakka, and Palaionero. The town of Pylos has 2,561 inhabitants, the municipality of Pylos 5,402 (2001).

Old Pylos and New Pylos are distinct settlements and castles, several kilometers apart. Old Pylos (Navarino Vecchio) is located on the northwest of the bay, while New Pylos is located in the southeast.

The bay of Pylos was the site of two naval battles:

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The Name of Navarino

In the Middle Ages, Pylos was named Avarino (Αβαρίνος), probably after a body of Avars who settled there.[citation needed] Hopf's theory that it comes from the Navarrese Company[2] is chronologically unsustainable.[3] It was later called Navarino, with the incorporation of the ν of the article τον. Another theory suggests it is a Slavic name meaning "place of maples".[4]

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