Ralls County, Missouri

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Ralls County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of 2000, the population was 9,626. Its county seat is New London[1]. The county was organized in 1820 and named for Daniel Ralls, Missouri state legislator.

Ralls County is part of the Hannibal Micropolitan Statistical Area.



Ralls County was one of several along the Mississippi River settled by migrants from the Upper South, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. They also brought characteristic antebellum architecture and culture. Ralls was considered at the heart of what was called Little Dixie.[2]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 484 square miles (1,253 km²), of which, 471 square miles (1,220 km²) of it is land and 13 square miles (33 km²) of it (2.65%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

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