Randolph County, Missouri

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Randolph County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri.As of the 2008 estimate the population is 25,723 . As of 2000, the population was 24,663. Its county seat is Huntsville[1]. The county was organized in 1829 and named for John Randolph of Roanoke, congressman and U.S. senator from Virginia.



Randolph County was settled, primarily, by migrants from the Upper South states, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, and quickly started cultivating crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Randolph was one of several counties settled mostly by southerners to the north and south of the Missouri River. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie and Randolph was at its heart.[2]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 488 square miles (1,263 km²), of which, 482 square miles (1,249 km²) of it is land and 5 square miles (14 km²) of it (1.09%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

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