Raven paradox

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The Raven paradox, also known as Hempel's paradox or Hempel's ravens is a paradox proposed by the German logician Carl Gustav Hempel in the 1940s to illustrate a problem where inductive logic violates intuition. It reveals the fundamental problem of induction.


The paradox

Hempel describes the paradox in terms of the hypothesis[1][2]:

In strict logical terms, via the Law of Implication, this statement is equivalent to:

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