Real County, Texas

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Real County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 3,047. The county seat is Leakey.[1]

The county is named for Julius Real (1860-1944), a former member of the Texas State Senate.

The Alto Frio Baptist Encampment is located in an isolated area of Real County southeast of Leakey.


History Timeline

  • 5000 b.c.-600 a.d. Paleo-Indians first inhabitants. Tonkawa, Lipan Apache, and Comanche later inhabitants.[2]
  • 1762-1771 Looking for protection from Comanches, Lipan Apache chief El Gran Cabez√≥n persuades Franciscans and the Spanish military to establish San Lorenzo de la Santa Cruz Mission on the Nueces River. The mission was abandoned in 1771[3]
  • 1856 John and Nancy Leakey settle in Frio Canyon.[4]
  • 1857 The original Camp Wood is established on the Nueces River near the site of the former San Lorenzo mission.[5]
  • 1864 Lipan Apaches attack the family of George Schwander in the abandoned ruins of the San Lorenzo mission.[6]
  • 1868 Theophilus Watkins, F. Smith and Newman Patterson construct a gravity flow irrigation canal from the Frio River that operates for a century.[7][8]
  • 1879 Indians attack and kill Jennie Coalson, wife of Nic Coalson, and two children at Half Moon Prairie.[2]
  • 1881 Lipan Apaches strike the McLauren home at Buzzard's Roost in the Frio Canyon. Last Indian raid in southwest Texas.[9]
  • 1910 Crop farming declines in the county, livestock ranching gains prominence, in particular angora goats.[2]
  • 1913 Texas state legislature establishes Real County from parts of Edwards, Bandera, and Kerr counties. Leakey is the county seat.[2]
  • 1920 Camp Wood township is founded and becomes a railroad terminus to transport heart cedar.[10]
  • 1924 Charles A. Lindbergh lands in Real County.[11][12]
  • 1948 Farm Road 337 is completed.[13][2]

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