Redfield, South Dakota

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Redfield is a city in and the county seat of Spink County, South Dakota, United States.[4] The population was 2,897 at the 2000 census. The city is not to be confused with the surrounding Redfield Township, which encompasses unincorporated areas outside of the city limits.

Contents

Geography

Redfield is located at 44°52′31″N 98°31′04″W / 44.875145°N 98.517850°W / 44.875145; -98.517850.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.6 km2), of which, 1.7 square miles (4.5 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2) of it (1.70%) is water.

Redfield has been assigned the ZIP code 57469 and the FIPS place code 53460.

History

The first settlers arrived in the Redfield area in 1878, and a post office was established two years later under the name "Stennett Junction." The "Redfield" name was adopted in 1881. The town became the seat of Spink County in 1886, following a six year legal and political battle among several Spink County towns. Redfield rapidly became a major town in the region, due in part to its status as a railroad center—the town was a crossroads of two lines of the Chicago and North Western Railway, and was also served by the Milwaukee Road Railroad. Railroads brought supplies, people, and animals, and also provided for transportation of crops back East.

Redfield College was established in the town in 1887, and operated until 1932. In 1902 the "Northern Hospital for the Insane," a state institution, opened on a campus just north of town. That facility remains in operation today as the South Dakota Developmental Center.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,897 people, 1,123 households, and 656 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,670.3 people per square mile (646.6/km2). There were 1,261 housing units at an average density of 727.1/sq mi (281.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.37% White, 0.41% African American, 3.00% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.

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