Republican Party (United States)

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American conservatism
Social conservatism
Fiscal conservatism
Economic liberalism
Libertarian conservatism
Classical liberalism

The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the Grand Old Party (GOP). The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S. political spectrum and is considered center-right, in contrast to the more "liberal" or "progressive" Democrats.

The Republican Party has the second most registered voters as of 2004 with 55 million, encompassing roughly one-third of the electorate.[1] In the 112th Congress following the 2010 elections, the Republican Party will hold a majority of seats in the House of Representatives, a minority of seats in the Senate, the majority of governorships, as well as the majority of state legislatures, and control of one chamber in five states.


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