Resaca, Georgia

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Resaca is a city in Gordon County, Georgia, and Whitfield County, Georgia along the Oostanaula River. The population was 815 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Resaca is located at 34°34′45″N 84°56′38″W / 34.57917°N 84.94389°W / 34.57917; -84.94389 (34.579116, -84.943989)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.3 km²), of which, 2.8 square miles (7.1 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (2.47%) is water.

History

The city was named by returning Mexican-American War inductees who fought at the Battle of Resaca de las Palmas (translated Dry River Bed of the Palms) near Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico, in 1846.

Resacas are former channels of the Rio Grande. There are two explanations for the origin of the word "resaca." The less likely holds that it is a contraction of Spanish rio seco ("dry river"). The other is that the word stems from the Spanish resacar ("to retake"), since the primary geological function of a resaca seems to be diversion and dissipation of floodwater from the river. Resacas are naturally cut off from the river, having no inlet or outlet.

Anecdotes abound as to the derivation of the place name, one involving the capture of an Indian maiden by settlers to be offered in marriage to the single man of her choosing. Transported by her captors to the center of the settlement in a gunnysack, she was ceremoniously unveiled to the awaiting public. Upon seeing her in the sunlight, onlookers were aghast at her homeliness; whereupon chants of "Re-sack-'er" arose. The website iGoogle states the translation of the Spanish word resaca is "hangover." The Town of Resaca was incorporated and granted a charter by the State of Georgia in 1981.

The Civil War Battle of Resaca was fought in and around Resaca in May 1864. Each year a re-enactment of the Battle of Resaca, the first battle of the Atlanta Campaign, is held on the third weekend of May.

Resaca is also the location of the first Confederate Cemetery in the state of Georgia. The story of the cemetery is as follows:[1]

The memory of a Georgia woman, Mary J. Green, who with her own hands gathered and interred the bones and bodies of the Confederate dead left lying on the Resaca Battlefield, should always be sacred to us. The sight that greeted the Green family when they returned to their plantation after the battle was almost more than they could bear. Around the house on all sides were scattered graves of Confederates who had been buried where they fell. The Green daughters conceived the idea of collecting all the bodies and re-interring them in a plot of land to be known as a Confederate cemetery. The one great drawback, however, was that they had no money. In the summer of 1866, Mary began writing to her friends around the state, begging them to try and raise money for the cemetery. Although poverty was rampant in the South, the citizenry responded by giving what they could, be it a nickel, a dime, a quarter, or a dollar. Col. Green gave his daughters 2.5 acres (10,000 m2) of land with rustic bridges spanning the stream through the grounds of their cemetery.

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