Rhenen

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{city, large, area}
{church, century, christian}
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{war, force, army}
{line, north, south}
{town, population, incorporate}
{build, building, house}
{son, year, death}
{village, small, smallsup}

Rhenen (About this sound listen ) is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands. The municipality also includes the villages of Achterberg, Remmerden , Elst and Laareind. The town lies at a geographically interesting location, namely on the southernmost part of the chain of hills known as the Utrecht Hill Ridge (Utrechtse Heuvelrug), where this meets the river Rhine. Because of this Rhenen has a unique character with pretty much elevation through town. Directly to the east of the built-up area lies the Grebbeberg, a hill the top of which lies at about 50 m.

Contents

History

Before 1900

Rhenen received city rights probably between 1256 and 1258[1][2]. In 1346, the bishop of Utrecht ordered the construction of a defensive wall around the city, which was important because it lay near the border with Guelders. Although for some time the town collected toll from ships on the Rhine, it has never had a harbour. The three city gates were demolished in 1840. Small fragments of the wall remain.

The town is also famous for the Cunera Church, parts of which date back to the 15th century. Containing the relics of Saint Cunera, it attracted many pilgrims. Legend has it that Cunera was buried on a nearby hill now called the Cuneraheuvel. The church's tower was built between 1492 and 1531.

In 1621, a palace was constructed at Rhenen for the ousted Frederick V. It was demolished in 1812.

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