Richard Dadd

related topics
{son, year, death}
{film, series, show}
{church, century, christian}
{disease, patient, cell}
{black, white, people}
{god, call, give}
{album, band, music}
{land, century, early}
{water, park, boat}
{village, small, smallsup}

Richard Dadd (1 August 1817 – 7 January 1886) was an English painter of the Victorian era, noted for his depictions of fairies and other supernatural subjects, Orientalist scenes, and enigmatic genre scenes, rendered with obsessively minuscule detail. Most of the works for which he is best known were created while he was incarcerated in a psychiatric hospital.


Life and work

Dadd was born at Chatham, Kent, England, the son of a chemist. His aptitude for drawing was evident at an early age, leading to his admission to the Royal Academy of Arts at the age of 20. With William Powell Frith, Augustus Egg, Henry O'Neil and others, he founded The Clique, of which he was generally considered the leading talent.[1]

In July 1842, Sir Thomas Phillips, the former mayor of Newport, chose Dadd to accompany him as his draftsman on an expedition through Europe to Greece, Turkey, Southern Syria and finally Egypt. In November of that year they spent a gruelling two weeks in Southern Syria, passing from Jerusalem to Jordan and returning across the Engaddi wilderness. Toward the end of December, while travelling up the Nile by boat, Dadd underwent a dramatic personality change, becoming delusional and increasingly violent, and believing himself to be under the influence of the Egyptian god Osiris. His condition was initially thought to be sunstroke.[2]

On his return in the spring of 1843, he was diagnosed to be of unsound mind and was taken by his family to recuperate in the countryside village of Cobham, Kent. In August of that year, having become convinced that his father was the Devil in disguise, Dadd killed him with a knife and fled for France.[3] En route to Paris Dadd attempted to kill another tourist with a razor, but was overpowered and was arrested by the police. Dadd confessed to the killing of his father and was returned to England, where he was committed to the criminal department of Bethlem psychiatric hospital (also known as Bedlam). Here and subsequently at the newly created Broadmoor Hospital, Dadd was cared for (and encouraged to continue painting) by the likes of Drs William Wood and Sir W. Charles Hood, in an enlightened manner.

Full article ▸

related documents
Great Expectations
The Prisoner of Zenda
Elizabeth Taylor (novelist)
Marcus Didius Falco
William Styron
Georges Feydeau
Vaslav Nijinsky
Arthur Schnitzler
Bram Stoker
The Crow Road
The More the Merrier
The Obsolete Man
Nicolas Anselme Baptiste
Edward Hodges Baily
Lady Ottoline Morrell
Angelica Kauffmann
Robert Hall
Philip the Bold
Louis VI of France
Friedrich Dürrenmatt
Wilfrid Wilson Gibson
Thomas I of Savoy
Alfonso III of León
John I, Duke of Brabant
Hugh the Great
Ann Radcliffe
John II of Castile
James Tyrrell
René of Anjou