Richfield, New York

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Richfield is a town located in Otsego County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a population of 2,423.

The Town of Richfield is located at the northern border of the county.



Richfield Springs was called "Big Medicine Waters" by the local natives.

From the Gazetteer of the State of New York by J. H. French, Published by R. Pearsall Smith, Syracuse, N. Y. 1860:

  • Grains. Bicarbonate of magnesia 20
  • Bicarbonate of lime 10
  • Chloride of sodium and magnesia 1.05
  • Sulphate of magnesia 30
  • Hydrosulfate of magnesia and lime 2
  • Sulphate of lime 20
  • Solid matter 153.05
  • Total Grains 236.10
  • Sulphurated hydrogen gas, 26.9 inches.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.4 square miles (84.0 km²), of which, 30.9 square miles (80.1 km²) of it is land and 1.5 square miles (4.0 km²) of it (4.72%) is water.

The north town line is the border of Herkimer County. The north end of Canadarago Lake is in the eastern part of the town. Hyder Creek enters the lake from the west. Ocquionus Creek flows into the lake from the north, passing through Richfield Springs.

New York State Route 28 is a north-south highway passing the west shore of Canadarago Lake. NY-28 intersects US Route 20 at Richfield Springs.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,423 people, 968 households, and 641 families residing in the town. The population density was 78.4 people per square mile (30.3/km²). There were 1,296 housing units at an average density of 41.9/sq mi (16.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.48% White, 0.37% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 0.04% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.37% of the population.

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