Richmond, New Hampshire

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Richmond is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,077 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 1,154.[1]



The town was first chartered in 1735 by Governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts. Granted to soldiers returning from the war in Canada, it was named Sylvester-Canada in honor of Captain Joseph Sylvester of Scituate, Massachusetts, who was killed in 1690 during an attempt to capture Quebec. After New Hampshire became a separate colony, the town was incorporated in 1752 as Richmond by Governor Benning Wentworth. He named it after Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, a staunch advocate of colonial independence. It was settled about 1757 by emigrants from Rhode Island and Massachusetts. [2]

Hosea Ballou was born in Richmond. He was a leading 19th-century champion of religious liberalism, and is considered the father of Universalism in the United States. Eliza Ballou Garfield, mother of the 20th president, James A. Garfield, was born here.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.8 square miles (98 km2), of which 37.6 sq mi (97 km2) is land and 0.2 sq mi (0.52 km2) is water, comprising 0.53% of the town. Little Monadnock Mountain, elevation 1,883 feet (574 m) above sea level, is within a mile of the eastern boundary, in the town of Fitzwilliam. The highest point in Richmond is one mile northwest of Little Monadnock, on an unnamed hill whose elevation is 1,624 feet (495 m) above sea level. The Franconia Mountain Range (not to be confused with the much higher ridge in the White Mountains to the north) is a 1,300-foot (400 m) high chain of hills in the western part of town.

Richmond is served by state routes 32 and 119.

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