Roby, Texas

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Roby is a city in and the county seat of Fisher County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 673 at the 2000 census.

Roby is the home of Steve Carriker, a Democratic former member of both houses of the Texas State Legislature.

Contents

History

In 1885, shortly after Fisher County was organized, a dispute arose between business partners from Mississippi and a town called Fisher. Both wanted their land to host the courthouse. The partners were M.L. and D.C. Roby, and the town of Fisher is now called North Roby.

In 1886, construction was begun on the new courthouse and a school and post office opened. The community had thirteen houses by that summer. In 1890 the population was estimated to be 300 people and the town had a hotel, two general stores, Baptist and Methodist churches, a restaurant and a weekly newspaper, the Fisher County Call.

Roby had no jail until 1892, when one was constructed out of stone. A new jail was built in 1926 out of brick, and is still in use as of 2010. It has had three different courthouses during its existence, unlike many Texas county seats which have preserved and restored original courthouses. The most recent courthouse was built in 1972, and is strikingly modern in comparison to those found in many Texas counties.

In 1898 the first bank was chartered and the Roby school district was formed. The area covered by the school district grew slowly over the years as it absorbed rural schools in the vicinity.

By 1900 the population had grown to 712 residents. By 1914 it had Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian and Nazarene churches. Telephone service was also established as of 1914.

Roby received its first railroad in 1907 (The Texas Central) and in 1915 the Roby and Northern laid 4.4-miles of track to connect Roby proper with North Roby. In 1930 the population was 801. It actually increased during the Great Depression – reaching 904 for the 1940 Census. The Roby and Northern line was scrapped during World War II and its rails went to the war effort.

Roby incorporated in 1915, and its population grew to 801 in 1930 and 904 in 1940. The population peaked in 1950 with 1,040 people calling Roby and North Roby home and sixty businesses. The city was plagued by insufficient water throughout its life and finally in 1953 during a long period of drought, water from Oak Creek Lake at Blackwell was piped in. By 1970 the population was down to less than 800 (784) and twenty-two businesses in operation. Over the years it has slowly declined to 616 in 1990 and the present 673 (2000).

Geography

Roby is located at 32°44′41″N 100°22′52″W / 32.74472°N 100.38111°W / 32.74472; -100.38111 (32.744839, -100.381100)[4].

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