Rochester, New York

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Rochester is a city in Monroe County, New York, south of Lake Ontario in the United States. The Rochester metropolitan area is the second largest regional economy in all of New York State according to the U.S. Internal Revenue, after the New York City metropolitan area.[2] Known as The World's Image Centre,[3] it was also once known as The Flour City, and more recently as The Flower City. It is the county seat for Monroe County.

Rochester's city population is approximately 219,773, making it New York's third most populous city after New York City and Buffalo. It is at the center of a larger Metropolitan Area which encompasses and extends beyond Monroe County and includes Genesee County, Livingston County, Ontario County, Orleans County and Wayne County. This area, which is part of the Western New York region, had a population of 1,037,831 people at the time of the 2000 Census. As of 1 July 2005, this population rose slightly, to 1,039,028.[4][not in citation given]

Rochester was ranked as the sixth 'most livable city' among 379 U.S. metropolitan areas in the 25th edition (2007) of the Places Rated Almanac.[5] The Rochester area also received the top ranking for overall quality of life among U.S. metros with populations of more than 1 million in a 2007 study by Expansion Management magazine.[6][7] In the same study, Expansion Management rated the area's public schools as sixth best nationwide.[8] In 2010 Forbes rated Rochester as the 3rd best place to raise a family.[9]

The current mayor of Rochester is Robert Duffy, who was previously the city's police chief. In the 2010 general election he was Attorney General Andrew Cuomo's running mate in Cuomo's successful bid for the governor's office, so Duffy will relinquish the position of Mayor of Rochester to become New York's Lieutenant Governor on January 1, 2011. He will initially be succeeded, as provided in the city charter, by Deputy Mayor Thomas Richards. But a special election to fill the remainder of Duffy's unexpired term (which ends December 31, 2013) is expected to be called by the City Council, and if called, will be held no later than March 31, 2011. Richards has declared his candidacy if such an election takes place, and at this point it is unknown if other candidates will seek inclusion on the special election ballot.

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