Rockall

related topics
{island, water, area}
{government, party, election}
{law, state, case}
{area, part, region}
{ship, engine, design}
{work, book, publish}
{god, call, give}
{day, year, event}
{company, market, business}
{acid, form, water}
{service, military, aircraft}
{war, force, army}
{album, band, music}

Rockall is an extremely small, uninhabited, remote rocky islet in the North Atlantic Ocean. It gives its name to one of the sea areas named in the shipping forecast, provided by the British Meteorological Office and Met Éireann (its Irish counterpart).

Historically the islet has been referred to in Irish folklore, and since the late sixteenth century it has been noted in written records, although it is likely that some northern Atlantic fishing crews knew of the rock before these historical accounts were made. In the twentieth century the location of the islet became a major concern due to oil and fishing rights, spurring continued debate amongst several European nations.

Rockall has also been a point of interest for adventurers and amateur radio operators who variously in the past have landed on or occupied the islet for up to several months, although fewer than twenty individuals have ever been confirmed to have landed on Rockall.

In 1956 the British scientist James Fisher referred to the island as, "the most isolated small rock in the oceans of the world."[1] The neighbouring Hasselwood Rock and several other pinnacles of the surrounding Helen's Reef are however smaller, at half or less the size of Rockall and equally remote. Yet these formations are, while being noted in the Island of Rockall Act 1972, technically not considered islands or points on land per se, as they are often submerged completely, only revealed momentarily under certain types of swell and visible by ocean surface waves.

The ownership of Rockall is disputed, as are the exploration and fishing rights on the surrounding Rockall Bank and Trough, and the Rockall Plateau. The islet is claimed by Denmark (for the Faroe Islands), Iceland, the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom. All four governments have made submissions to the commission set up under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The issue will be included in the provisional agenda of the next meeting of the commission to be held in New York from 7 March to 21 April 2011 and recommendations pursuant to Article 76 of the Convention will be made.[2]

In the UK, for administrative purposes, Rockall is treated as part of Inverness-shire, under the terms of the Island of Rockall Act 1972. Subsequent Acts of Parliament have affirmed the islet's position as part of the Western Isles council area for local government functions. Locally, a movement has arisen to rename the island West Uist, as it is relatively close to North Uist and South Uist in the Outer Hebrides.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Geography of Albania
Death Valley
Bog
Valley
Geography of Moldova
Hawaii (island)
Geography of California
Sierra Nevada (U.S.)
Brisbane River
Landslide
Red Sea
Monsoon
Mount Ruapehu
Geography of Iran
Geography of Bangladesh
Aquifer
Zuiderzee Works
Geography of Alabama
Hurricane Lili
Karst topography
Siberia
Geography of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Madeira
Geography of Indonesia
Geography of Colombia
Geography of Estonia
Crust (geology)
The Fens
Cantabria
Geography of Malaysia