Roger Mills County, Oklahoma

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Roger Mills County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of 2000, the population was 3,436. Its county seat is Cheyenne.[1]



Roger Mills County takes its name from Roger Q. Mills, a prominent American politician from Texas.[2] The town of Cheyenne in Roger Mills County is the location of the Battle of Washita River (also called Battle of the Washita; Washita Battlefield), where George Armstrong Custer’s 7th U.S. Cavalry attacked Black Kettle’s Cheyenne village on the Washita River on November 26, 1868.[3]

During the 1970s Roger Mills County and the surrounding area would benefit from the natural gas and oil development in the Panhandle-Hugoton field, the largest-volume gas field in the United States, and the world’s largest known source of helium. Between 1973 and 1993 the field produced over 8-trillion cubic feet (230,000,000 m³) of gas.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,969 km² (1,146 mi²). 2,957 km² (1,142 mi²) of it is land and 12 km² (5 mi²) of it (0.40%) is water. The Canadian River forms the northern border of the county. The Washita River passes by Cheyenne and Strong City as it crosses the county from west to east.

Adjacent counties

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