Roman Polanski

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Roman Polański (Polish pronunciation: [ˈrɔman pɔˈlaɲskʲi]; born 18 August 1933 as Rajmund Roman Thierry Polanski) is a Polish-French film director, producer, writer and actor. Having made films in countries such as Poland, Britain, America and France, he is considered one of the few "truly international filmmakers."[1] His films cross national and political boundaries, and expose many of the "dark psychological desires" that are common among all people.

Born in Paris to Polish parents, he moved with his family back to Poland in 1937, shortly before the outbreak of World War II.[2] He survived the Holocaust without his parents, who were forcibly taken to concentration camps for being Jewish. He was educated in Poland and became a director of both art house and commercial films.[3] Polanski's first feature-length film, Knife in the Water (1962), made in Poland, was nominated for a United States Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. He has since received five more Oscar nominations, along with two Baftas, four Césars, a Golden Globe Award and the Palme d'Or of the Cannes Film Festival in France. In the United Kingdom he directed three films, beginning with Repulsion (1965). In 1968 he moved to the United States, and cemented his status by directing the Oscar winning horror film Rosemary's Baby (1968).

In 1969, Polanski's pregnant wife, Sharon Tate, was murdered while staying at the Polanskis' Benedict Canyon home above Los Angeles by members of the Manson Family.[4] Following Tate's death, Polanski returned to Europe and spent much of his time in Paris and Gstaad, but did not direct another film until Macbeth (1971) in England. The following year he went to Italy to make What? (1973) and subsequently spent the next five years living near Rome. However, he traveled to Hollywood to direct Chinatown (1974). The film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards, and was a critical and box-office success.[5] Polanski's next film, The Tenant (1976), was shot in France, and completed the "Apartment Trilogy", following Repulsion and Rosemary's Baby.[6]

In 1977, after a photo shoot in Los Angeles, Polanski was arrested for the sexual abuse of a 13-year-old girl and pleaded guilty to the charge of unlawful sex with a minor.[7][8] To avoid sentencing, Polanski fled to his home in London, and then moved on to France the following day. In September 2009, Polanski was arrested by Swiss police at the request of U.S. authorities who asked for his extradition.[9] [10][11] However, in July 2010, the Swiss rejected that request and instead released him from custody and declared him a "free man."[12]

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