Roxbury, Maine

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Roxbury is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. The population was 384 at the 2000 census. Ellis Pond is popular with recreational fishermen.



Originally known as Township No. 7, it was first settled about 1809. It was incorporated as a town on March 17, 1835, and named after Roxbury, Massachusetts. Farmers grew hay and raised livestock. Set on an intervale surrounded by the Western Maine Mountains, Roxbury was noted in the 19th century for abundant forests and mineral deposits. The Swift River falls provided water power for watermills, and industries included a sawmill, gristmill, shingle mill and shoe factory. In 1837, the population was 182. By 1859, it had grown to 246. The Rumford Falls & Rangeley Lakes Railroad was completed in 1896, carrying freight, tourists and "rusticators" up the Swift River valley through Roxbury to Mooselookmeguntic Lake.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.1 square miles (114.2 km²), of which, 42.9 square miles (111.1 km²) of it is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km²) of it (2.74%) is water. Roxbury is drained by the Swift River, a tributary of the Androscoggin River. Ellis Pond (also called Roxbury Pond or Silver Lake, a part of which lies in Byron) is in the northwest.

The town is crossed by state routes 17 and 120. It borders the towns of Byron to the northwest, Andover to the southwest, and Rumford, Mexico and Carthage to the south.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 384 people, 165 households, and 119 families residing in the town. The population density was 9.0 people per square mile (3.5/km²). There were 457 housing units at an average density of 10.7/sq mi (4.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.48% White, 0.26% Native American and 0.26% Pacific Islander.

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