Rules of chess

related topics
{game, team, player}
{@card@, make, design}
{law, state, case}
{language, word, form}
{church, century, christian}
{system, computer, user}
{work, book, publish}
{township, household, population}
{math, number, function}
{country, population, people}

The rules of chess (also known as the laws of chess) are rules governing the play of the game of chess. While the exact origins of chess are unclear, modern rules first took form during the Middle Ages. The rules continued to be slightly modified until the early 19th century, when they reached essentially their current form. The rules also varied somewhat from place to place. Today Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE), also known as the World Chess Organization, sets the standard rules, with slight modifications made by some national organizations for their own purposes. There are variations of the rules for fast chess, correspondence chess, online chess, and chess variants.

Chess is a game played by two people on a chessboard, with 32 pieces (16 for each player) of six types. Each type of piece moves in a distinct way. The goal of the game is to checkmate, i.e. to threaten the opponent's king with inevitable capture. Games do not necessarily end with checkmate—players often resign if they believe they will lose. In addition, there are several ways that a game can end in a draw.

Besides the basic movement of the pieces, rules also govern the equipment used, the time control, the conduct and ethics of players, accommodations for handicapped players, the recording of moves using chess notation, as well as procedures for irregularities that occur during a game.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Denver Nuggets
Sacramento Kings
Jim Rice
New Orleans Hornets
England national football team
Minnesota Timberwolves
1958 FIFA World Cup
Athletic Bilbao
Rosenborg BK
Johan Cruijff
Shane Warne
Oscar De La Hoya
Udinese Calcio
Hellas Verona F.C.
David Wells
Simona Amânar
Forward pass
Women's National Basketball Association
Mark McGwire
Sugar Ray Robinson
Collingwood Football Club
Michelle Kwan
Super Bowl XXII
Bristol City F.C.
Dennis Bergkamp
Gordon Banks
College football
Willie Mays
1950 FIFA World Cup
Diego Maradona