Russell County, Alabama

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Russell County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of Colonel Gilbert C. Russell, who fought in the wars against the Creek Indians. As of 2000, the population was 49,756. Its county seat is Phenix City.

Russell County is part of the Columbus, Georgia-Alabama Metropolitan Statistical Area.



Russell County was established by an act of the state general assembly on December 18, 1832, from lands ceded to the state by the Creek Indians. The county seat has changed several times: Girard (1833-1839), Crawford originally Crockettsville (1839-1868), Seale (1868-1935) and Phenix City (1935-present). It was named for War of 1812, Col. Gilbert Christian Russell, Sr., 1782-1861, 3rd U.S. Infantry.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,677 km² (647 square miles). Nearly 641 square miles (1,661 km²) of it is land, and 6 square miles (16 km²) of it (0.94%) is water.

Major highways

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