Russell County, Virginia

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Russell County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 30,308. Its county seat is Lebanon[1].



On January 2, 1786, Russell County was established from a section of Washington County. L.P. Summers, a Washington County historian later wrote, "Washington County lost a great extent of country and many valuable citizens when Russell County was formed." The county was named for Colonel William Russell, who assisted in the drafting of the Declaration of Independence. The first court met in May of 1786 in the Castle's Woods settlement (present-day Castlewood) in the house of William Robinson. Later, a new place was built to house the County Seat. The structure used as a courthouse still stands, and is referred to as "The Old Courthouse." The present Courthouse, located in Lebanon, has been in use since 1874. The County has been home for many well known persons such as Daniel Boone, Governor H.C. Stuart, and State Senator M.M. Long. Russell County was also the birthplace of other counties. The counties of Wise, Lee, Tazewell, and Scott were formed from parts of Russell County.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 477 square miles (1,235 km²), of which 475 square miles (1,229 km²) is land and 2 square miles (5 km²) (0.44%) is water.

Adjacent Counties

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