Russia, New York

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Russia is a town in Herkimer County, New York, United States. The population was 2,487 at the 2000 census.

The Town of Russia is located in the northwest part of the county. The town is northeast of Utica.

The northern part is in the Adirondack Park.



The town was first settled around 1792.

The Town of Russia was formed from the Town of Norway in 1806 as the "Town of Union." The name was changed to "Russia" in 1808. In 1836, part of Russia, along with part of the Town of Ohio, was used to form the now defunct "Town of Willmurt." When the Town of Webb was formed in 1896, much of Willmurt was transferred to Webb with the rest returned to Ohio.

In 1865, the population of Russia was 2,030.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 60.4 square miles (156.4 km²), of which, 56.6 square miles (146.5 km²) of it is land and 3.8 square miles (9.9 km²) of it (6.34%) is water.

The western part of the town is the border of Oneida County as defined by the West Canada Creek.

New York State Route 8 and New York State Route 28 converge at Poland village.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,487 people, 993 households, and 707 families residing in the town. The population density was 44.0 people per square mile (17.0/km²). There were 1,252 housing units at an average density of 22.1/sq mi (8.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.75% White, 0.32% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population.

There were 993 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.90.

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