Rye, New Hampshire

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Rye is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 5,182 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 5,151.[1]



The first settlement in New Hampshire, originally named Pannaway, was established in 1623 at Odiorne's Point.[2] The first settler in Rye was William Berry. Prior to its incorporation in 1726 as a parish of New Castle, Rye was called Sandy Beach and included land in New Castle, Portsmouth, Greenland and Hampton.[3]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.5 square miles (92 km2), of which 12.6 sq mi (33 km2) is land and 22.9 sq mi (59 km2) of it is water, comprising 64.45% of the town. The town is located on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean and includes four of the nine islands known as the Isles of Shoals, which lie approximately 10 miles (16 km) out from the mainland. The highest point in Rye is the summit of Breakfast Hill, at 151 feet (46 m) above sea level, on the town's border with Greenland.


As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 5,182 people, 2,176 households, and 1,462 families residing in the town. The population density was 410.7 people per square mile (158.5/km²). There were 2,645 housing units at an average density of 209.6/sq mi (80.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.71% White, 0.14% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

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