São Carlos

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Coordinates: 22°01′04″S 47°53′27″W / 22.01778°S 47.89083°W / -22.01778; -47.89083

São Carlos (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w̃ ˈkaʁlus]; named after Saint Charles Borromeo) is a city of 220,463 inhabitants in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It is located at 22°01′04″S 47°53′27″W / 22.01778°S 47.89083°W / -22.01778; -47.89083, at about 231 Km from the city of São Paulo.

Contents

History

The region started to be settled in the end of the 18th century, with the opening of a road that led to the gold mines in Cuiabá and Goiás. Leaving from Piracicaba, passing through Rio Claro, the hills, fields and by typical vegetations of the Brazilian countryside, settlers established themselves in the region. São Carlos’ history has a start in 1831, when the Pinhal—pines—allotment was demarkated.

On the city's foundation date, November 4, 1857, the population resided in some houses around the chapel and the inhabitants were mostly Arruda Botelho family’s heirs, who were the first owners of the Pinhal alloments lands. Between 1831 and 1857 the pioneer coffee farms are formed, starting the first economic activity in the city. The coffee crops comes to the Pinhal farm in 1840 e spreads through all the fertile lands around, becoming the main export item.

São Carlos was elevated to village in 1865 as a "câmara" or ruling chamber was created. In 1874, the village had 6.897 inhabitants, as a humble highlight of its fast growth and regional importance. It becomes a city in 1880 and in 1886, with a 16,104 population, its urban structure is settled.

The city arises on the coffee crops expansion context, which is relevant to the last two decades of the 19th century and to the first two of the 20th century. The arrival of the railway in 1884 provided an eficient system to bail the coffee production to the Santos harbour and boosted the economy of the region. The railway also contributed to the political and economic consolidation of the central area of the city.

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