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SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer français), is France's national state-owned railway company. SNCF operates the country's national rail services, including the TGV, France's high-speed rail network. SNCF is a driving force behind Europe’s high-speed rail industry and a global leader in design, construction and operation of high-speed rail systems throughout the world. Its functions include operation of rail services for passengers and freight, and maintenance and signaling of rail infrastructure owned by Réseau Ferré de France (RFF).

SNCF employs more than 180,000 people in 120 countries across the globe. The rail network consists of about 32,000 km (20,000 mi) of route, of which 1,800 km (1,100 mi) are high-speed lines and 14,500 km (9,000 mi) electrified. About 14,000 trains are operated daily. The chairman of SNCF is Guillaume Pépy. Its headquarters are in the 14th arrondissement of Paris, in the Rue du Commandant Mouchotte.[1]


Business scope

High-speed rail

SNCF operates almost all of France's railway system, including the TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, meaning "High-Speed Train"), In the 1970s, SNCF began the TGV high-speed train program with the intention of creating the world's fastest railway network. It came to fruition in 1981, when the first TGV service, from Paris to Lyon, was inaugurated. Today, SNCF operates than 1,100 miles of designated high-speed track that accommodate more than 800 high-speed trains per day. SNCF’s TGV trains carry more than 100 million passengers a year. TGV lines and TGV technology are now spread across several European countries in addition to South Korea.

In the past SNCF also owned the European tracks, but this has changed due to EU Directive 91/440. Since 1997 the tracks and other rail infrastructure have belonged to a separate government establishment, Réseau Ferré de France; this change was intended to open the market to independent train operating companies, although few have yet appeared.

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