SPECTRE

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SPECTRE (SPecial Executive for Counter-intelligence, Terrorism, Revenge and Extortion) is a fictional global terrorist organization featured in the James Bond novels by Ian Fleming, the films based on those novels, and James Bond video games. Led by evil genius and supervillain Ernst Stavro Blofeld, the organization first formally appeared in the novel Thunderball (1961) and in the movie Dr. No (1962). SPECTRE is unaligned to any nation or political ideology, enabling the later Bond books and Bond films to be regarded as apolitical. SPECTRE began in the novels as a small group of criminals; but became a vast international organisation with its own SPECTRE Island training base in the films.

Contents

Philosophy and goals

In Ian Fleming's novels, SPECTRE is a commercial enterprise led by Blofeld. Their membership comprises 18 individuals, three each from the world's six great criminal organizations—the Gestapo, SMERSH, Marshal Josip Broz Tito's secret police, the highland Turks, the Mafia, and the Unione Corse.[1] Their debut is in Thunderball. At the time of writing the novel (1959) Fleming believed that the Cold War might end during the two years it would take to produce the film, which would leave it looking dated; he therefore thought it better to create a politically neutral enemy for Bond.[2] The organization is next mentioned in The Spy Who Loved Me, when Bond describes investigating their activities in Toronto before the story begins.

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