Saint Peter

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Simon Peter (Greek: Πέτρος, Pétros, "stone, rock";[1] c. 1 BC – AD 67), sometimes called Simon Cephas (Greek: Σιμων Κηφᾶς, Simōn Kēphas; Aramaic: Šimʻōn Kêfâ‎; Syriac: ܫܡܥܘܢ ܟܐܦܐ, Sëmʻān Kêfâ) after his name in Hellenized Aramaic, was an early Christian leader, who is featured prominently in the New Testament Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles. Peter was the son of John or of Jonah, and was from the village of Bethsaida in the province of Galilee. His brother Andrew was also an apostle. Simon Peter is venerated in multiple churches, and is regarded as the first Pope by the Roman Catholic Church.

After working to establish the church of Antioch for seven years presiding as the city's bishop[2] and preaching to scattered communities of believers (Jews and Hebrew Christians), in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia Minor and Bithynia, Peter went to Rome. In the second year of Claudius, it is claimed, he overthrew Simon Magus, and held the Sacerdotal Chair for 25 years. At the hand of Nero, he is said to have been put to death. He wrote two Catholic epistles. The Gospel of Mark is also ascribed to him (as Mark was his disciple and interpreter). On the other hand, several books – the Acts, Gospel, Preaching, Revelation, and Judgement of Peter – are rejected by Christians as Apocryphal.[3][4][5]

According to New Testament accounts, he was one of Twelve Apostles, chosen by Jesus from his first disciples. He was a fisherman assigned a leadership role by Jesus and was with Jesus during events witnessed by only a few Apostles, such as the Transfiguration.[6]


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