Sakha Republic

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The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Саха́ (Яку́тия), Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya); Sakha: Саха Республиката, Sakha Respublikata) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). The population of Yakutia mainly consists of ethnic Yakuts and Russians.

Comprising half of the Far Eastern Federal District, it is the largest subnational governing body by area in the world at 3,103,200 km2 (1,198,200 sq mi). If Sakha Republic were an independent country, it would be the eighth largest in the world, yet it has a population of only 949,280 inhabitants. Its capital is Yakutsk.

Contents

History

The Sakha people (Yakuts), a heterogeneous blend of Turkic and Mongolic origin, arrived as recently as the 13th century to their current geographical area from Central Asia[citation needed]. They conquered the indigenous Altaic hunter-gatherer tribes and began to call themselves "Sakha", the origin of which is not clear, therefore much debated.[10]

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