Salem, Indiana

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Salem is a city in Washington Township, Washington County, Indiana, United States. Salem serves as the county seat[3], and its downtown area is on the National Register of Historic Places (as are several local buildings).



Salem is primarily an agricultural community, surrounded by typical Indiana forests and farmland and small bodies of water. The primary crop grown in the area is corn and soybeans. Homes in the area are of a variety of styles, with a portion of residential homes having Victorian architectural design.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there are 2,555 households, and 1,635 families residing in the city. There are 2,745 housing units at an average density of 705.7/sq mi (272.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 98.74% White, 0.03% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race are 0.42% of the population.

29.2% of households have children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% are married couples living together, 12.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% are non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.84.

The population consists of 22.4% under the age of 18, 9.8% from ages 18 to 24, 27.1% from ages 25 to 44, 21.2% from ages 45 to 64, and 19.4% from ages 65 or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 86.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 83.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $29,256, and the median income for a family is $37,179. Males have a median income of $27,521 versus $21,952 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,299. About 8.5% of families and 11.6% of the population live below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

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