San Francisco Examiner

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The San Francisco Examiner is a U.S. daily newspaper. It has been published continuously in San Francisco, California, since the late 19th century.

Contents

History

19th century

The Examiner was founded in 1863 as the Democratic Press, a pro-Confederacy, pro-slavery paper opposed to Abraham Lincoln, but after his assassination in 1865 the paper's offices were destroyed by a mob, and starting on June 12, 1865 it was called the Daily Examiner.[1][2][3]

In 1880, mining engineer and entrepreneur George Hearst bought the Examiner. Seven years later, after being elected to the U.S. Senate, he gave it to his son, William Randolph Hearst, who was then 23 years old. A story that the George Hearst had won the paper in a poker game is "pure Hearst mythology," according to a former columnist at the Examiner, P. J. Corkery,[citation needed] but other sources continue to make that or a similar statement,[4][5] and it appeared in William Randolph Hearst, Jr.'s obituary in the New York Times.[6]

William Randoph Hearst hired S.S. (Sam) Chamberlain, who had started the first American newspaper in Paris, as managing editor[3] and Arthur McEwen as editor and changed the Examiner from an evening to a morning paper.[1] Under him, the paper's popularity increased greatly, with the help of such writers as Ambrose Bierce, Mark Twain, and the San Francisco-born Jack London,[7] and also through the Examiner's version of yellow journalism, with ample use of foreign correspondents and splashy coverage of scandals such as two entire pages of cables from Vienna about the Mayerling Incident;[3] satire; and patriotic enthusiasm for the Spanish–American War and the annexation of the Philippines.

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