Sandwich, New Hampshire

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Sandwich is a town in Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,286 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 1,386.[1] Sandwich includes the villages of Center Sandwich and North Sandwich. Part of the White Mountain National Forest is in the north. Part of Squam Lake is in the southwestern corner of the town.

Contents

History

Chartered in 1763 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, the land was considered so inaccessible that the grant was enlarged, making Sandwich one of the largest towns in the state. It was named in honor of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, said to be the inventor of the sandwich.

The earliest European settlers arrived in 1767. By 1830 Sandwich had grown to a population of 2700, which is higher than the current population. At this time the town contained farms, stores, mills, churches, schools, carpenters, blacksmiths, and wheelwrights.

By the end of the 1800s much of the population had left Sandwich to live in cities to the west. Sandwich began to be an attraction for visitors, summer residents, and artists which continues to this day.[2]

The League of New Hampshire Craftsmen began in Sandwich as "Sandwich Home Industries" in 1920, and continues statewide today. Each fall the town hosts the Sandwich Fair. The Durgin Bridge, built in 1864, is a covered bridge in the eastern section of town.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 93.5 square miles (242 km2), of which 90.6 sq mi (235 km2) is land and 2.9 sq mi (7.5 km2) is water, comprising 3.08% of the town. Sandwich is drained to the east by the Bearcamp and Cold rivers, to the northwest by the Beebe River, to the southwest by Squam Lake, and to the south by the Red Hill River. Mount Israel, elevation 2,630 feet (802 m) above sea level, is at the center. Part of the Squam Mountains is in the west. Part of the Sandwich Range is in the north, including the 3,993-foot (1,217 m) Sandwich Mountain (also known as Sandwich Dome), the highest point in town.

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