Santa Cruz, New Mexico

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Santa Cruz is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Fe County, New Mexico, United States. It is part of the Santa Fe, New Mexico Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 423 at the 2000 census.



Colonial period

The broader contribution to the Spanish settlement at Santa Cruz encompasses the small geographical area in which it's situated. The nearby, and unsuccessful, Spanish colony at San Gabriel established by the explorer Juan de Oñate at Ohkay Owingeh in 1598 produced numerous Spanish haciendas and ranchos throughout the locality. However, after the 1680 revolt, it was decided by the new Spanish governor in 1695 under Diego de Vargas to establish a new Spanish villa for the recent settlers that had arrived from Mexico City to help settle and campaign against the rebellious natives. The native pueblos of San Lazaro and San Cristobal, along with its population of Tano Pueblo Natives, were relocated farther away to accomidate the new town where the settlement of Villa Nueva de Santa Cruz de los Españoles Mejicanos del Rey Nuestro Señor Carlos Segundo took root.

Mexican period

Throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth century, frontier settlement at Santa Cruz had produced a rustic and self-reliant population. With news of Mexican independence in 1821, the town was hardly affected with the exception of the new government's laws and office appointments. Trade with the United States had been forbidden under the former Spanish government, but now enterprising Anglo-Americans began pouring down the Santa Fe Trail, bringing a new prosperity to the region

In 1835, Mexico's new provincial governor, Albino Pérez, was met in the capital of Santa Fe with suspicion and opposition on the basis of rumors of aggressive new tax collections. Outright revolt broke out in 1837 when Pérez jailed the mayor of Santa Cruz, and a militia that was formed there and led by influential members of the community won a decisive battle over quickly mustered loyalist troops. Chaos and turmoil resulted and Albino Pérez was murdered, but authority was reinstituted under New Mexico native Manuel Armijo. This event became known as the Revolt of 1837.

Territorial period

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