Saturday

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Saturday (pronounced /ˈsætərdeɪ/ or /ˈsætərdi/  ( listen)) is the day of the week following Friday and preceding Sunday.

Saturday is the sixth day of the week according to international standard ISO 8601, or the last (seventh) day of the week in conventions that consider the week as beginning on Sunday.

Saturday was named no later than the second century for the planet Saturn, which controlled the first hour of that day according to Vettius Valens. Its Latin name dies Saturni ("Saturn's Day") entered into Old English as Sæternesdæg.

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Origins in antiquity

The weekday heptagram, i.e. the association of the days of the seven-day week with the seven classical planets, probably dates to the Hellenistic period.[1] Between the 1st and 3rd centuries, the Roman Empire gradually replaced the eight day Roman nundinal cycle with the seven-day week. The astrological order of the days was explained by Vettius Valens and Dio Cassius (and Chaucer gave the same explanation in his Treatise on the Astrolabe). According to these authors, it was a principle of astrology that the heavenly bodies presided, in succession, over the hours of the day. The association of the weekdays with the respective deities is thus indirect, the days are named for the planets, which were in turn named for the deities.

For Jews, the seventh day of the week, known as Shabbat, stretches from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday and is the day of rest. Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches distinguish between Saturday (Sabbath) and the Lord's Day (Sunday). Quakers traditionally refer to Saturday as "Seventh Day", eschewing the "pagan" origin of the name. In Islamic countries, Fridays are considered as the sixth day of the week and are holidays; Saturday is called Sabt (cognate to Sabbath) and is the second day of the weekend in many Arabic countries.

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