Sauget, Illinois

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Sauget is a village in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States. It is part of Greater St. Louis. The population was 249 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Sauget is located at 38°35′13″N 90°10′0″W / 38.58694°N 90.166667°W / 38.58694; -90.166667 (38.587013, -90.166690).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 4.4 square miles (11.5 km²), of which, 4.1 square miles (10.7 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km²) of it (7.19%) is water.

Sauget is located in the American Bottom, the floodplain of the Mississippi River opposite St. Louis, Missouri

History

Sauget was incorporated as "Monsanto" in 1926. It was formed to provide a liberal regulatory environment and low taxes for the Monsanto chemical plants at a time when local jurisdictions had most of the responsibility for environmental rules. It was renamed in honor of Leo Sauget, its first Village President.[2]

Although the Village of Sauget has but a tiny population, it has a lot of industry. The Village is controlled by these industries. The Village was incorporated in part in response to the failure of government in adjacent East St. Louis, Illinois to deliver essential services, and in part to take advantage of federal grant funding programs available only to governmental units, as opposed to private industry.

The Village of Sauget operates the American Bottoms Treatment Plant, a very large sewage treatment plant that serves much of the Illinois side of the St. Louis metropolitan area. In addition, the Village operates a municipal physical/chemical treatment plant that receives industrial wastewater from its factories. This has been cited as one of only three municipal treatment plants of this type in the United States.

The Monsanto Plant in Sauget was the nation's largest producer of PCBs, and United States Environmental Protection Agency has designated the plant site along Dead Creek as a superfund site.[2]

The Monsanto plant in Sauget was also home to a very serious accident on January 4, 1992 when a worker (Charles Pritchett) was critically hurt. Pritchett was caught in what officials describe as a "screw like auger" used for moving small materials. He was stuck in the auger for five hours while officials had difficulty getting him out because his leg was wrapped around the blades of the auger and a piece of machinery was also on his leg. Officials later found out that the screw like auger was used for shredding tires. The Worker was in a coma for three months and pronounced dead twice. The workers leg was amputated because of the severity of the mutilation. Judge C. Glenn Stevens awarded the man $16,000,000 in 1993 because of the seriousness of the incident. To pay the judgment, the Midwest Rubber Reclaiming and equipment plant owned by the Monsanto Corporation was sold at auction in August 1993. The plant itself was sold for $12,000,000 and equipment was sold for $4,000,000 in 1993.

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