Savoonga, Alaska

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Savoonga is a city in Nome Census Area, Alaska, one of two on St Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea. As of the 2000 census, Savoonga's population was 643.

Savoonga was incorporated in 1969, and in 1971 became the joint owner with Gambell of the entire island.

The local economy consists largely of subsistence hunting for walrus, seals, fish, and bowhead whales; the city calls itself the "Walrus Capital of the World". A dogsled mail service operated here until 1963.

Contents

Geography

Savoonga is located at 63°41′48″N 170°27′39″W / 63.69667°N 170.46083°W / 63.69667; -170.46083 (63.696732, -170.460907)[2].

Savoonga is on the northern coast of St. Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea. It is 63 km (39 miles) southeast of Gambell.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.1 square miles (15.8 km²), all of it land.

Most people on St. Lawrence Island speak Siberian Yupik, while some of Alaska's people are losing their native languages.

There are daily flights from Nome, weather permitting.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 643 people, 145 households, and 113 families residing in the city. The population density was 105.5 people per square mile (40.7/km²). There were 160 housing units at an average density of 26.2/sq mi (10.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.33% Native American, 4.35% White, 0.16% Asian, and 0.16% from two or more races.

There were 145 households out of which 55.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.4% were non-families. 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 0.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.43 and the average family size was 5.22.

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