Schiedam

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Schiedam (About this sound pronunciation ) is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland in the Netherlands. It is part of the Rotterdam metropolitan area. The city is located west of Rotterdam, east of Vlaardingen and south of Delft. In the south it is connected with the village of Pernis by the Beneluxtunnel.

It is known because of its historical center with its canals, and the tallest old windmills in the world. Schiedam is also known for the production of jenever (gin) - such as the internationally-renowned Ketel One - so much so that in English the word schiedam (usually without a capital s-) refers to the town's Holland gin. This was the town's main industry during the early Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th century, a dark period to which it owed its former nickname "Zwart Nazareth" of "black Nazareth".

Contents

History

Around the year 1250 the river Schie was dammed to protect the polderland from the seawater. The dam attracted trade activities because goods for and from the hinterland had to be transhipped. A small town developed around the dam and its activities.

In the year 1275 Schiedam received city rights from Aleida van Avesnes, sister of William II, count of Holland.

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