related topics
{island, water, area}
{area, part, region}
{water, park, boat}
{church, century, christian}
{city, large, area}
{line, north, south}
{build, building, house}
{village, small, smallsup}
{specie, animal, plant}
{language, word, form}
{law, state, case}
{car, race, vehicle}
{household, population, female}

Schiermonnikoog (About this sound pronunciation ; West Frisian: Skiermûntseach) is an island, a municipality, and a national park in the northern Netherlands. Schiermonnikoog is one of the West Frisian Islands, and is part of the province of Friesland.

The island is only 16 km long and 4 km wide and is the site of the Netherlands' first national park. The only village on the island is also called Schiermonnikoog. Just under 1,000 people permanently reside on the island, making the municipality the least densely populated in the Netherlands. Because the island is small and flat, only 200 islanders have taken out the special licence allowing them to keep their own car, which the result that the few streets are virtually car-free.

Up to 300,000 people visit the island every year, staying in the 5,500 beds available in holiday homes, apartments and hotels. Most visitors, however, are day trippers (about 4,000/day in July and August alone), with the result that after the last ferry leaves at 6.30pm, calm returns to Langestreek, the village high street.



The first known owners of Schiermonnikoog were the monks of Klaarkamp Abbey, a Cistercian monastery near Rinsumageest, on the mainland[1]. "Monnik" means "monk" and "schier" is an archaic word meaning "grey", referring to the colour of the monks' habits. "oog" translates as "island". The name Schiermonnikoog therefore translates as island of the grey monks [2][3].

The tidal current, prevailing wind and the sea cause the island to slowly "move" to the south and the east. In the year 1250, it lay roughly 2 km to the north of its present position, and it had a significantly different shape[4].

The oldest mention of Schiermonnikoog in writing dates from October 1440, in a document written by Philip the Good.

During the Reformation, the monasteries in the northern Netherlands were expropriated. In 1580, Schiermonnikoog became the property of the States of Friesland. Around 1640, the States sold to the island to the wealthy Stachouwer family. For the next three centuries, Schiermonnikoog remained private property.

Full article ▸

related documents
Tarra-Bulga National Park
Geography of Italy
Leeuwin-Naturaliste National Park
Endeavour River National Park
Málaga (province)
Bridalveil Fall (Yosemite)
Geography of Liechtenstein
Ibn Sina Peak
Cocoparra National Park
Oceanus Procellarum
Anadyr River
Little Cumbrae
Alaska Interior
Errinundra National Park
Girraween National Park
Anahuac (Aztec)
Rapid Update Cycle
Purnululu National Park
Soay, Skye
Bay of Biscay
South Island National Park
Geography of the United States Virgin Islands
Peñón de Alhucemas
Phantom island
Geography of Tanzania