Schleicher County, Texas

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Schleicher County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 2,935. Its county seat is Eldorado[1]. The county is named for Gustav Schleicher, a German immigrant who became a surveyor and politician.[2]

Schleicher County is home to the YFZ Ranch, the reported new headquarters of the FLDS movement headed by Warren Jeffs.


Historical timeline

  • 8000 BCE First inhabitants probably Jumano Indians. Later inhabitants are Lipan Apache and Comanche.[3]
  • 1632 Fray Juan de Salas and Father Juan de Ortega does missionary work among the Jumanos.[4]
  • 1808 Soldier Francisco Amangual leads an expedition across the area.[5]
  • 1882 Christopher Colombus Doty becomes the first permanent citizen of Schleicher County.[6]
  • 1887, April - The Texas legislature establishes Schleicher County from Crockett County and named it in honor of Gustav Schleicher.[3]
  • 1890 Population 155, of whom 134 were listed as white, four black, and seventeen as American Indian.[3]
  • 1894 County’s first public school opens at Verand, later moved to Eldorado.[3]
  • 1895 W. B. Silliman founds Eldorado community and names it after the mythical city. In order to populate it, he offers free town lots to residents of nearby Verand.[7]
  • 1930 The Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway Company resumes work on a previous railroad, making access possible to San Angelo and Sonora.[3]
  • 1941, February 27 - Grand opening of West Texas Woolen Mills plant in Eldorado, with a parade and BBQ lunch. 5000 people are in attendance. Governor "Pappy" W. Lee O'Daniel is the guest speaker.[8]
  • 1950’s Oilfield discoveries on school lands enable Schleicher County to build new library and gymnasium facilities for its students[3].

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