Scotland County, Missouri

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Scotland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of 2000, the population was 4,983. Its county seat is Memphis[1]. The county was organized in 1841 and named for Scotland.



Surveyor S. W. B. Carnegy suggested that the county be named after his native country of Scotland. He also gave several settlements in the area Scottish names.

Scotland County is the birthplace for the Western figure Tom Horn.[2]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 439 square miles (1,138 km²), of which, 438 square miles (1,136 km²) of it is land and 1 square miles (2 km²) of it (0.18%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 4,983 people, 1,902 households, and 1,302 families residing in the county. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 2,292 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.82% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. 0.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 5.72% report speaking Pennsylvania German, Dutch, or German at home, while 1.58% speak Spanish.[1]

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