Sea of Azov

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The Sea of Azov (Russian: Азо́вское мо́реAzovskoye more; Ukrainian: Азо́вське мо́реAzovs'ke more, Crimean Tatar: Azaq deñizi) is a sea on the south of Eastern Europe. It is linked by the narrow (about 4 km) Strait of Kerch to the Black Sea to the south and is bounded on the north by Ukraine mainland, on the east by Russia, and on the west by the Crimean Peninsula. The Don and Kuban are the major rivers that flow into it. The Sea of Azov is the shallowest sea in the world with the depth varying between 0.9 meters (2 ft 11 in) and 14 meters (46 ft).[1][2][3][4][5] There is a constant outflow of water from the Sea of Azov to the Black Sea.

The sea is largely affected by the inflow of numerous rivers, which bring sand, silt, and shells, forming numerous bays, limans, and narrow sandbanks called spits. Because of these deposits, the sea bottom is relatively smooth and flat with the depth gradually increasing toward the sea center. Also, due to the river inflow, water in the sea has low salinity and high content of biological matter, such as green algae that affects the water color. Abundant plankton results in unusually high fish productivity. The sea shores and spits are low; they are rich in vegetation and bird colonies.


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