Sea of Galilee

related topics
{island, water, area}
{water, park, boat}
{land, century, early}
{church, century, christian}
{group, member, jewish}
{country, population, people}
{god, call, give}
{area, part, region}
{war, force, army}
{city, large, area}
{town, population, incorporate}
{village, small, smallsup}

The Sea of Galilee, also Kinneret, Lake of Gennesaret, or Lake Tiberias (Hebrew: ים כנרתAramaic: ܥܪܒܝܐArabic: بحيرة طبرية‎), is the largest freshwater lake in Israel, and it is approximately 53 km (33 miles) in circumference, about 21 km (13 miles) long, and 13 km (8 miles) wide. The lake has a total area of 166 km2 (64 sq mi), and a maximum depth of approximately 43 m (141 feet).[3] At 209 metres (686 ft) below sea level, it is the lowest freshwater lake on Earth and the second-lowest lake in the world (after the Dead Sea, a saltwater lake).[4] The lake is fed partly by underground springs although its main source is the Jordan River which flows through it from north to south.

Contents

Geography

The Sea of Galilee (Kinneret) is situated in northern Israel, near the Golan Heights, in the Jordan Great Rift Valley, the valley caused by the separation of the African and Arabian Plates. Consequently the area is subject to earthquakes and, in the past, volcanic activity. This is evident by the abundant basalt and other igneous rocks that define the geology of the Galilee region.

Etymology

The lake often appears on maps and in the New Testament as Sea of Galilee or Sea of Tiberias (John 6:1) while in the Hebrew Bible, it is called the "Sea of Chinnereth" (or spelled as "Kinnereth") (Numbers 34:11; Joshua 13:27).

The name may originate from the Hebrew word kinnor ("harp" or "lyre")) in view of the shape of the lake. Christian religious texts call it Lake of Gennesaret (Luke 5:1) or Sea of Gennesaret[5] after a small fertile plain that lies on its western side. The Arabic name for the lake is About this sound Buhairet Tabariyya (بحيرة طبريا) meaning Lake Tiberias. Other names for the Sea of Galilee are Ginnosar, Lake of Gennesar, Sea of Chinneroth and Sea of Tiberias (Roman).

Full article ▸

related documents
Gulf of California
Great Cumbrae
Herm
Rathlin Island
Aoraki/Mount Cook
Cantal
Barents Sea
River Tyne
Askja
Sea of Okhotsk
Mont Blanc
Mountain range
Geography of Senegal
Geography of Fiji
Geography of Jersey
Cloud forest
Cumulus cloud
Esker
Tundra
Geography of Rwanda
Geography of Switzerland
Geography of Argentina
Geography of Lesotho
Lake Vostok
Camargue
Coastal erosion
Neogene
Fertile Crescent
Spitsbergen
Lake Michigan