Second Great Awakening

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The Second Great Awakening was a religious revival movement during the early 19th century in the United States, which expressed Arminian theology by which every person could be saved through revivals. It enrolled millions of new members, and led to the formation of new denominations. Many converts believed that the Awakening heralded a new millennial age. The Second Great Awakening stimulated the establishment of many reform movements designed to remedy the evils of society before the Second Coming of Jesus Christ.[1]


Spread of revivals

Burned-over district

Upstate New York was called the "Burned-over district" because of the numerous revivals that crisscrossed the region.


The Advent Movement also emerged in this period in the 1830s and 1840s in North America, and was preached by ministers such as William Miller, whose followers became known as Millerites. The name refers to belief in the soon Second Advent of Jesus (popularly known as the Second coming) and resulted in several major religious denominations, including Seventh-day Adventists and Advent Christians. On the frontier the Awakening supported growth of the Methodists and Baptists. Baptists and Methodist revivals were also successful in some parts of the Tidewater, where an increasing numbers of plain folk (and slaves) were converted. Revivalists techniques were based on the camp meeting, with its Scottish Presbyterian roots.[2]

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