Seguin, Texas

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Seguin (pronounced /səˈɡiːn/) is a city in Guadalupe County, Texas, in the United States. It is part of the San Antonio-New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 22,011; the July 1, 2009 Census estimate, however, showed the population had increased to 26,842. It is the county seat of Guadalupe County[3].

Contents

History

Seguin was founded in 1838 by members of Matthew Caldwell's Gonzales Rangers on land originally granted to Umphries (or Humphries) Branch by the Mexican government.[4] The Rangers had found that Seguin was a good halfway stop between their patrol points. The area, under the big oaks on the Walnut Branch Creek, had become a familiar and pleasant location. Since 1828, it had been maintained as a base camp for the rangers.[5] Although settled by Rangers and veterans of the Texas revolution, it was not incorporated until 1853. Its original name was Walnut Springs but was changed just six months later to honor Juan Seguín.[4] Manuel N. Flores, veteran of San Jacinto and Brother-in-law of Juan Seguin, would establish a ranch in Seguin in 1838.[6] It would become a safe-haven for San Antonio families and a staging point for counter attack when Bexar was overrun in 1842 by Santa Anna's forces under Rafael Vasquez [7]and Adrian Woll.[8] Leading the resistance forces from this location was Texas Ranger "Jack" John Coffee Hays. When duty allowed, "Jack" would be a familiar resident of Seguin. Hays would set up a training location or "station" in Seguin, where the classic Ranger character would be born.[9] He would meet Susan Calvert of Seguin and later marry her at the Magnolia Hotel (an early stagecoach stopover) in 1847.[10] Serving under Hays were two other famous Ranger residents of Seguin: Henry McCulloch and Ben McCulloch. Their home station known as "Hardscramble" still stands and was designated a Texas State Cenntenial historic site in 1936.[11] Another important figure of Texas history, Jose Antonio Navarro also had a ranch near Seguin[12] and Col. James Clinton Neill, commander of the Alamo, was known to be buried here. The site was also historically marked during the 1936 Texas Centennial Exposition[13]. Seguin became a stopping point and trade center for German immigrants along their route from the ports of Indianola and Galveston to the German settlements of New Braunfels and Fredericksburg.[14]

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