Semitic languages

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{language, word, form}
{work, book, publish}
{food, make, wine}
{line, north, south}
{household, population, family}
{group, member, jewish}
{service, military, aircraft}
{island, water, area}
{black, white, people}
{woman, child, man}
{city, population, household}

The Semitic languages are a group of related languages whose living representatives are spoken by more than 470 million people across much of the Middle East, North Africa and the Horn of Africa. They constitute a branch of the Afroasiatic language family. The most widely spoken Semitic languages today are Arabic[1] (206 million native speakers),[2] Amharic (27 million),[3][4] Tigrinya (6.7 million),[5] Hebrew (about 5 million)[6] and Aramaic (about 2.2 million).

Semitic languages are attested in written form from a very early date, with texts in Eblaite and Akkadian appearing from around the middle of the third millennium BC, written in a script adapted from Sumerian cuneiform. The other scripts used to write Semitic languages are alphabetic. Among them are the Ugaritic, Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew, Syriac, Arabic, South Arabian, and Ge'ez alphabets. Maltese is the only Semitic language written in the Latin alphabet and the only official Semitic language of the European Union.


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