Seneca County, New York

related topics
{area, part, region}
{household, population, female}
{county, mile, population}
{war, force, army}
{city, population, household}
{land, century, early}
{line, north, south}
{village, small, smallsup}
{town, population, incorporate}

Seneca County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 33,342. The county seat is Waterloo.[1] The name is from the Iroquois (Seneca) that occupied part of the region.

Contents

History

The area covered by Seneca County straddles the prehistoric territories of both Seneca and Cayuga Nations of the Iroquois League. When counties were established by Europeans in New York in 1683, the present Seneca County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York as well as all of the present state of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In the fall of 1779 on orders from commander-in-chief General George Washington the Sullivan Expedition conducted a scorched earth campaign against the Iroquois who sided with the Loyalists in the Revolutionary War. Sullivan's path destroyed Cayuga and Seneca villages along the east shore of Seneca Lake.

Full article ▸

related documents
Jefferson County, New York
Delaware County, New York
Tompkins County, New York
Genesee County, New York
Madison County, New York
Schuyler County, New York
Niagara County, New York
Lewis County, New York
Yates County, New York
Ontario County, New York
Cayuga County, New York
Monroe County, New York
Chenango County, New York
Steuben County, New York
Livingston County, New York
St. Lawrence County, New York
Erie County, New York
Oswego County, New York
Broome County, New York
Oneida County, New York
Huntingdonshire
List of counties in Michigan
Avon (county)
London postal district
Östra Göinge Municipality
San Diego County, California
Riding (country subdivision)
Portage County, Ohio
Adams County, Colorado
Emsland