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Serbia (pronounced /ˈsɜrbiə/  ( listen)), officially the Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Република Србија, Republika Srbija, pronounced [republika sr̩bija]), is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central- and Southeastern Europe, covering the southern part of Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans. Serbia borders Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; the Republic of Macedonia to the south; and Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the west; additionally, it borders Albania through Kosovo, whose status is disputed. Belgrade, Serbia's capital city is among the most populous in Southeastern Europe.

After their settlement in the Balkans, Serbs formed several medieval kingdoms, which evolved into the Serbian Empire in the 14th century. By the 16th century, Serbian lands were conquered and occupied by the Ottomans, at times interrupted by the Habsburgs. In the early 19th century the Serbian revolution reestablished the country as the region's first constitutional monarchy, which subsequently expanded its territory and pioneered the abolition of feudalism in Southeastern Europe.[5][6] The former Habsburg crownland of Vojvodina united with Serbia in 1918. Following World War I, Serbia formed Yugoslavia, a super state consiting of South Slavic peoples which existed in several forms until 2003. In February 2008 the parliament of UNMIK-governed Kosovo, Serbia's southern province declared independence, with mixed responses from the international community.

Serbia is a member of the United Nations, Council of Europe, BSEC and CEFTA. The country is also an EU membership applicant and a neutral country.[7][8]

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