Sergei Prokofiev

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Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev[1] (27 April 1891[2] – 5 March 1953.)[3] was a Russian composer, pianist[4][5] and conductor who mastered numerous musical genres and is generally regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century.



Childhood compositions

Prokofiev was born in Sontsovka (now Krasne in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine), an isolated rural estate in Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Russian Empire. He displayed unusual musical abilities by the age of five. His first piano composition to be written down (by his mother), an 'Indian Gallop', was in the Lydian mode (a major scale with a raised 4th scale degree) as the young Prokofiev felt 'reluctance to tackle the black notes'.[6] By the age of seven he had also learned to play chess.[7] Much like music, chess would remain a passion his entire life, and he became acquainted with world chess champions José Raúl Capablanca[8] and Mikhail Botvinnik.

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