Sermon on the Mount

related topics
{god, call, give}
{theory, work, human}
{church, century, christian}
{group, member, jewish}
{area, part, region}
{line, north, south}

The Sermon on the Mount is a collection of Jesus' sayings, which emphasizes his moral teaching found in the Canonical Gospel of Matthew, (see also the Hebrew Gospel or Matthaei Authenticum) .[2] According to chapters 5-7, Jesus of Nazareth gave this sermon (estimated around AD 30) on a mountainside to his disciples and a large crowd. Matthew groups Jesus' teachings into five discourses, of which the Sermon on the Mount is the first.[3] The others concern instructions for the disciples, parables of the Kingdom, instructions for the church, and a harsh denunciation of scribes and Pharisees.[3]

The best-known written portions of the sermon comprise the Beatitudes, found at the beginning of the section. The sermon also contains the Lord's Prayer and the injunctions to "resist not evil" (5:39) and "turn the other cheek", as well as a version of the Golden Rule. Other lines often quoted are the references to "salt of the earth", "light of the world" and "judge not, lest ye be judged."

Many Christians believe that the Sermon on the Mount is a form of commentary on the Ten Commandments. It portrays Christ as the true interpreter of the Mosaic Law.[2] To most believers in Jesus, the Sermon on the Mount contains the central tenets of Christian discipleship, and is considered as such by many religious and moral thinkers—such as Tolstoy,[4] Gandhi, and Dietrich Bonhoeffer—, and it has been one of the main sources of Christian pacifism.[2]

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Life-death-rebirth deity
Animism
Asceticism
Prophecy
Discordianism
Misotheism
Legend
Hero
Unification theology
Folklore
Holocaust theology
Australian Aboriginal mythology
Kabir
Justin Martyr
Rumi
Martyr
Margaret Murray
Jesus Prayer
Ma'at
Millennialism
Golden age
Inuit mythology
Anaximander
Bodhi
Ahura Mazda
Patañjali
Bharatanatyam
Ethic of reciprocity
Four Quartets
Heart of Darkness